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2016:全球共识年

时间:2016-01-29 15:45 来源:IGU 作者:IGU,张兴平译 阅读:
   2016年,被联合国批准为“全球共识年”(International Year of Global Understanding,IYGU)。IYGU是根据德国弗里德里希·席勒大学(耶拿)本诺.沃伦(Benno Werlen)教授领导的国际地理联合会(IGU)的一项倡议,由国际科学理事会(ICSU)、国际社会科学理事会(ISSC)、国际哲学与人文科学理事会(ICPHS)联合发起,并经过五年的精心准备申请成功的。
  全球共识年的主要内涵有哪些呢?
搭构建全球思维与地方行动之桥梁
  •   日常生活影响全球气候变化。
  •   日常决策依赖生活方式。
  •   全球的视角有助于减少地区冲突风险。
  我们的世界经历着社会、文化和经济的变革及气候变化。人类行为是产生这种全球挑战的关键。然而,人类行为也可解决这些。如果知道日常生活对行星地球的意义,人类可以采取有效措施。全球共识旨在缩短知识与行动的距离,也可为提高全球可持续性的决策提供依据。
个人的行动
  •   全球问题需要可持续的解决思路。
  •   持续变化应该从普通人开始。
  全球挑战需要快速谨慎地的目标设定和政治行动。无论从个人还是全球的角度,我们不能等待理想的决策,那可能永远也不会出现。然而,改变必须来自底层,每个人可以选择、投票,从地方、区域和国家层面影响政策。将广泛全球共识将深深嵌入每个人的日常选择的潜意识中。国际共识年希望可持续的变化来自基层的每个人。
科学和日常生活
  •   日常生活和科学密切相关。
  •   全球共识应基于社会和自然科学的联合研究。
  •   研究应该指导日常生活的。
  全球共识呼吁全球与地方形成共识,科学和日常生活有机融合。国际共识年计划关注衣食住行和交往等最普通的日常生活。我们为什么做出我们应该做的抉择? 无论贫富,社会应该做出更多的有助于全球可持续发展的抉择。自然和社会科学家应该联合起来研究解决方案。
可持续性和共识
  •   气候变化是一个联系全球和个人影响的例子。
  •   全球变化可以是气候变化、社会文化变迁及经济变革。
  •   社会需要全球共识来促进可持续性。
   全球可持续性不能离开地方的可持续性。行动和思想貌似无关,实际在时空方面紧密联系。真正的全球共识有助于人们促成这种联系。很多人知道可持续的需要,但是很少有人做出相应的决定。国际共识年计划的主要目标是提高国际共识,促使全世界每天的行动和抉择能够结出可持续的果实。

   更多关于国际共识年的信息,请请访问 http://www.global-understanding.de)

IGU地理教育委员会公布的2016国际共识年介绍


http://igu-online.org/welcome-to-2016-the-year-of-global-understanding/
原文如下:

Welcome to 2016, which has been declared the International Year of Global Understanding (IYGU).  For more information visit: http://www.global-understanding.de  This is an IGU initiative led by Professor Benno Werlen at the Friedrich-Schiller University of Jena.

What are the key elements of IYGU?

Linking the global and the local

  • Everyday actions matter for global climate change.
  • Everyday decisions depend on lifestyle.
  • A global view reduces the risk of regional conflicts.

Our world faces social, cultural, and economic change, as well as a changing climate. Human actions play a key role in creating such worldwide challenges. However, human actions also provide solutions. If individuals know what their day-to-day routines mean for the planet, they can take appropriate action. Global understanding helps overcome the knowledge-action gap and supports policy decisions that promote sustainability.


People’s Practices

  • Global problems require sustainable solutions.
  • Sustainable change should emerge from the bottom.

Global challenges require swift, yet considered, goal setting and political action. We cannot afford to wait for the ideal decision-making body or a global jurisdiction – it may never happen. Instead, change should come from the bottom. Individuals make choices, vote, and drive policies at the local, regional, and national levels. Widespread global understanding embeds awareness of the global consequences of individual choices. IYGU wants sustainable change that starts from the bottom.


Science and everyday life

  • Everyday life and science belong together.
  • Global understanding is based on joint social and natural science research.
  • Research should address the logic of everyday life.

Global understanding calls for the reconciliation of the global and the local, of science and everyday lives. The IYGU focuses on essential daily activities such as eating, drinking, housing, working, travelling, and communicating. Why do we make the choices that we do? Which societies – rich and poor – make more globally sustainable choices? Natural and social scientists will jointly provide answers.


Sustainability and understanding

  • Climate change is an example of the links between global and local effects.
  • Global change may be climatic, social, cultural and economic.
  • Societies need global understanding to manage change sustainably.

Global sustainability cannot come about without local sustainability. Actions and thoughts that may seem disconnected in space and time are often fundamentally linked. True global understanding empowers people to make such connections. Many people know about the need for sustainability, but few make the corresponding decisions. The IYGU’s main goal is to promote global understanding so that actions and decisions yield sustainable outcomes, every day, all over the world.


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